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Even if a low carbohydrate diet does not make you slimmer, it still makes you healthier
Even if it doesn't make you lose one gram of body fat, a low-carbohydrate diet will make you healthier. That is the conclusion of a small experimental study that American researchers, led by Jeff Volek, published in JCI Insight.
The total amount of energy in the 3 diet types was the same, and so was the amount of protein. The amount of energy was just enough to keep the test subjects on their weight.
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The researchers were paid by the American and Dutch dairy industry.
The low carb diet yielded 2.5 more saturated fats and the high carb diet. If you expose your cells to high concentrations of saturated fat, they will generally become less vital as a result. The low carb diet reduced the concentration of saturated fatty acids in the blood.
PL SFA = saturated fat as phospholipid; TG SFA = saturated fat as triglyceride.
The low carb diet also changed the metabolism of the fatty acids. It allowed the conversion of linoleic acid to arachidonic acid to proceed more smoothly.
"Thus, these results likely underestimate the true benefits of low carbohydrate diets that are commonly associated with weight loss when fed ad libitum."
"Although our findings extend a growing amount of research exploring low carbohydrate diets on the metabolic syndrome, it remains unknown whether the improvements in the specific component of the syndrome observed here translate into decreased cardiometabolic outcomes."
"Based on these results, any long-term diet trials in participants with metabolic syndrome studying hard outcomes should include low carbohydrate diets."