Definition: "An ergogenic aid is any substance or phenomenon that enhances performance "
Tomato powder protects athletes better during intensive exercise than lycopene
A supplement with lycopene, a carotenoid in tomato, protects the body of athletes against aggressive molecules released during intensive exercise. That's good of course. But even better is the protective effect of ordinary tomato powder.
60 grams of tomato powder amounts to 4 large tablespoons.
Before and after the session, the researchers measured the concentration of MDA and 8-isoprostane in the athletes' blood. MDA and 8-isoprostane are both markers of the activity of aggressive molecules - free radicals - that are released during intensive exercise. The higher their concentration, the greater the damage to cells and tissues.
Click on the table below for a larger version.
"Short-duration supplementation with tomatoes and tomatoes products may provide a stronger antioxidative effect in comparison to lycopene."
"Thus, it may be concluded that beneficial effects of tomato powder on antioxidant capacity and exercise-induced lipid peroxidation might be brought about by the synergistic interaction of lycopene with other bioactive components. This shows that whole tomato contains chemical compounds that can enhance beneficial outcomes in synergy compared to a single compound."