Definition: "An ergogenic aid is any substance or phenomenon that enhances performance "
Slimming effect of Green Coffee Bean: study was fake
That the researchers have retracted their study is not as heroic as it sounds. They had no choice. Six weeks earlier the American Federal Trade Commission announced that the sponsor of the unlikely study was guilty of fraud [ftc.gov September 8, 2014] and had paid a settlement of 3.5 million dollars. The company in question is the Texas-based Applied Food Sciences, a manufacturer of Green Coffee Bean.
Cooking the figures
Applied Food Sciences then hired in Joe Vinson and Bryan Burnham to brush up the report. On top of that, the researchers in India also massaged their data again. And again. And again. And...
GCA = Applied Food Sciences' Green Coffee Bean. We've added underlining and highlighting.
Yep, you read it right. "The study either was never conducted or suffers from flaws so severe that no competent and reliable conclusions can be drawn from it."
In the summer of this year Oz defended his promotion of slimming supplements in his shows at a US Senate hearing on diet scams [cbsnews.com June 17, 2014], saying that he doesn't sell supplements, doesn't accept money from manufacturers and that websites and supplements labels using his name to promote their products are illegal.