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Taurine, a supplement for diabetics
Taurine supplementation may help diabetics better control their glucose levels. This is suggested by a Chinese meta-study published in Food Chemistry Molecular Sciences.
A total of 209 volunteers participated in the studies as test subjects.
To be fair, if you look at the test subjects in the studies, it is somewhat a mixed bag. In a single study, the subjects did not have diabetes. In another study the subjects had type 1 diabetes, in the other studies there was type 2 diabetes. In addition, the researchers gave the subjects in one study not only taurine, but also another supplement.
The doses that researchers used ranged from 1-3 grams of taurine per day. The subjects divided those doses into 2-4 smaller doses throughout the day.
More details about the studies are in the table below. Click it for a larger version.
More obvious was the effect on the fasting glucose level and the HOMA-IR (a measure of insulin sensitivity). They changed in a favorable direction. Taurine also lowered insulin levels, but the change was just not statistically significant.
Click on the figures below for a larger version.
At the time, the US military found the study interesting enough to have it translated and studied by experts at Fort Detrick. You can find this translation here.