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25.08.2016


You benefit from strength training just as much in your sixties as you do in your thirties



If men in their sixties start doing strength training they don't build up just as much muscle mass as men in their thirties do. But we shouldn't exaggerate the difference - people in their sixties who start doing strength training are perfectly capable of developing bigger and stronger muscles. This was shown in a study that American sports scientists published in the Journal of Applied Physiology in 1999.

Study
The researchers did an experiment with two groups of men. The men in one group had an average age of 30 and in the other 62. All of the participants were fit but had never done weight training before.

The researchers got all the men to do strength training in the same way for a period of 10 weeks.

Results
The concentration of free testosterone while resting rose in the thirty-year-olds as the study progressed over the ten weeks. That did not happen to the sixty-year-olds.


You benefit from strength training just as much in your sixties as you do in your thirties


The sixty-year-olds' cortisol concentration while resting declined as the experiment progressed. That didn't happen to the thirty-year-olds.


You benefit from strength training just as much in your sixties as you do in your thirties


The IGF-1 concentration in the blood was higher in both groups immediately after a training session. The increase in this hormone was higher in the thirty-year-olds.


You benefit from strength training just as much in your sixties as you do in your thirties


So thirty-year-olds' and sixty-year-olds' hormonal reactions to strength training are different. But both groups built up muscle mass during the 10 weeks. The increase in muscle mass was bigger in the thirty-year-olds than in the sixty-year-olds however.

MCSA = total thigh muscle cross-sectional area.


You benefit from strength training just as much in your sixties as you do in your thirties


The increase in strength was the same in both groups.

Conclusion
The most surprising finding that emerged from the study is not that thirty-year-olds start synthesising more testosterone and IGF-1 than sixty-year-olds. Nor is it so surprising that the younger men produce more extra IGF than the older men after a workout. What is surprising is that, despite the clear hormonal differences, the effect of strength training on muscle mass and strength is so similar in both groups.

Source:
J Appl Physiol (1985). 1999 Sep;87(3):982-92.

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