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05.05.2015


Lose fat faster with 2 g choline per day

A supplement containing 2 g choline per day speeds up weight loss on a low-calorie diet. Sports scientists at Zagazig University in Egypt came to this conclusion after giving choline to female martial arts practitioners for a week.

Choline
Choline
The Egyptians wanted to know whether choline [structural formula on right] might be an alternative supplement instead of caffeine. Caffeine is an effective slimming supplement, but not everyone reacts well to the doses required for fat loss.

Choline is a vitamin-like substance that the body manufactures in small amounts, and of which we need to consume about 400-550 mg in our food. Choline is found in egg yolks, shellfish and meat. Choline is a building block for cell membranes and for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, and it plays a role in the transformation of fatty acids into energy.

Study

The researchers did an experiment with 22 women who did martial arts – judo or taekwondo. Half of the subjects were given a capsule containing 1 g choline twice a day. The other half of the subjects were given a placebo.

The women were preparing for a competition, so were probably on a calorie-restricted diet, although the researchers do not divulge any information about the women’s diet.

Results
The fat percentage of the women in the experimental group decreased twice as fast as that of the women in the control group. This was a statistically significant effect.


Lose fat faster with 2 g choline per day


Lose fat faster with 2 g choline per day



The BMI of the women in both groups went down. The decrease seemed to be faster in the experimental group, but according to the Egyptians' calculations the effect of choline supplementation on BMI reduction was not statistically significant.

In the week that the experiment lasted the women's muscle strength did not decrease – in either group.


Lose fat faster with 2 g choline per day



Conclusion
"Choline supplementation in female taekwondo and judo athletes can improve lipid metabolism and encourages rapid body mass reduction", the researchers concluded.

Source:
J Hum Kinet. 2014 Apr 9;40:77-82.